By Dr. Andrew J Harding, Dr. James Chin
On sixteen September 1963 Malaysia got here into being with the accession of Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore to the prevailing Federation of Malaya. This publication marks the fiftieth anniversary of this impressive occasion in South East Asia's historical past. the point of interest of the booklet might be normally at the adventure of Sabah and Sarawak as matters of the federation. It seems to be on the adventure of federalism from a few assorted views, preserving in brain not only the results of federalism on Sabah and Sarawak but in addition the results at the federation as a complete. Has the discount of 1963 been adhered to? Has Malaysian federalism been a winning instance of this type of presidency in Asia, or has the cut price been undermined in methods opposite to the unique deal within the Malaysia contract of 1963? What were the sensible results on East Malaysia in the course of 50 years?
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Extra info for 50 Years of Malaysia. Federalism Revisited
In this respect, he argues, federalism does not appear to be a solution for the racial differences or problems of Malaysian society because ‘federalism becomes nothing if it is held to embrace diversities that are not territorially grouped’. In practice the solution of the ethnic problem lies with consociationalism, as is discussed above in relation to the BN’s historic dominance at federal and state levels. The conclusion to draw for federalism is that successful federalism requires a great degree of unity within the units of the federation.
And even in Sabah and Sarawak it seemed as if the prevailing view was that federation was not something to be celebrated with great (or for some people, actually, any) enthusiasm. The reasons for this are explored in most of the essays in this book. In Sarawak, it seemed the prevailing view was that any celebration was geared towards reminding the people of West Malaysia that the Federation was fifty years old, and not fifty-seven years old. The other key political message was that Sarawak and Sabah were ‘independent’ before Malaysia came into being at midnight on 16 September 1963.
We also felt that we should have an interview section and Assoc Prof Bridget Welsh kindly volunteered to interview Tan Sri Simon Sipaun and Dato Dr Peter Mooney. We would like to record our appreciation to all those who took part in the workshop and the support staff, especially CALS Manager Ms Regana Mydin, who did a wonderful job in putting it all together. We would also especially like to thank Bridget Welsh who did the interviews in a very short time frame. James Chin would like to thank the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS) and Monash University for institutional support during the project.
50 Years of Malaysia. Federalism Revisited by Dr. Andrew J Harding, Dr. James Chin