By Dai Roberts-Harry, Jonathan Sandy, British Dental Association
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Extra info for A clinical guide to orthodontics
This is seen ranging from 4–25% of cases22 and raises doubts on the length of treatment time for second molar extraction cases compared with other extraction strategies. The loss of second molar teeth obviates the need for space closing mechanics but a second course of treatment may be required to orthodontically upright third molars at a stage in late adolescence when co-operation may not be at its best. An important reason for elective extractions in orthodontics is the relief of crowding. First premolar teeth are ideally located as they provide up to 14 mm of space for the relief of crowding both anteriorly and posteriorly to the extraction site.
J Clin Perio 1987; 14: 326-333. 26. Gjerdet N, Erichsen E S, Remlo H E, Evjen G. Nickel and iron in saliva of patients with fixed orthodontic appliances. Acta Odont Scand 1991; 49: 73-78. 27. Natrass C, Ireland A J, Lovell C R. Latex allergy in an orthodontic patient and implications for clinical management. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1999; 37: 11-13. 28. Booth-Mason S, Birnie D. Penetrating eye injury from orthodontic headgear: a case report. Eur J Orthod 1988; 10: 111-114. 29. Luther F. Orthodontics and the temperomandibular joint: where are we now?
Latex allergy in an orthodontic patient and implications for clinical management. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1999; 37: 11-13. 28. Booth-Mason S, Birnie D. Penetrating eye injury from orthodontic headgear: a case report. Eur J Orthod 1988; 10: 111-114. 29. Luther F. Orthodontics and the temperomandibular joint: where are we now? Part 1 Orthodontic treatment and temperomandibular disorders. Angle Orthod 1998; 68: 295-304. 30. Davies S J, Gray R M J, Sandler P J, O'Brien K D. Orthodontics and occlusion.
A clinical guide to orthodontics by Dai Roberts-Harry, Jonathan Sandy, British Dental Association