By Marvin Zelkowitz (Ed.)

ISBN-10: 0080471897

ISBN-13: 9780080471891

ISBN-10: 0120121603

ISBN-13: 9780120121601

The sequence covers new advancements in desktop know-how. such a lot chapters current an outline of a present subfield inside pcs, with many citations, and sometimes contain new advancements within the box by way of the authors of the person chapters. themes contain undefined, software program, theoretical underpinnings of computing, and novel functions of desktops. This present quantity emphasizes details safeguard matters and contains themes like certifying computing device execs, non-invasive assaults ("cognitive hacking"), computing device records as felony facts ("computer forensics") and using processors on plastic ("smartcards"). The e-book sequence is a beneficial addition to college classes that emphasize the subjects below dialogue in that individual quantity in addition to belonging at the bookshelf of commercial practitioners who have to enforce a number of the applied sciences which are defined. ?·

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Additional resources for Advances in Computers, Vol. 60

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This is in contrast to denial of service (DOS) and other kinds of wellknown attacks that operate solely within the computer and network infrastructure. With cognitive attacks neither hardware nor software is necessarily corrupted. There may be no unauthorized access to the computer system or data. Rather the computer system is used to influence people’s perceptions and behavior through misinformation. The traditional definition of security is protection of the computer system from three kinds of threats: unauthorized disclosure of information, unauthorized modification of information, and unauthorized withholding of information (denial of service).

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 37 39 39 41 42 42 44 44 51 53 53 56 56 57 60 61 63 67 67 68 68 1. Introduction Cognitive hacking refers to a computer or information system attack that relies on changing human users’ perceptions and corresponding behaviors in order to be successful [24].

Such an attack does not require any intervention by users of the attacked system; hence, we call it an “autonomous” attack. By contrast, a cognitive attack requires some change in users’ behavior, effected by manipulating their perceptions of reality. The attack’s desired outcome cannot be achieved unless human users change their behaviors in some way. Users’ modified actions are a critical link in a cognitive attack’s sequencing. To illustrate what we mean by a cognitive attack, consider the following news report [62]: “Friday morning, just as the trading day began, a shocking company press release from Emulex (Nasdaq: EMLX) hit the media waves.

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Advances in Computers, Vol. 60 by Marvin Zelkowitz (Ed.)


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