By Eleni Mangina, Javier Carbo, Jose Manuel Molina

ISBN-10: 9491216317

ISBN-13: 9789491216312

Ubiquitous computing is the 3rd wave in computing, the place the common use of recent cellular technology-implementing instant communications corresponding to own electronic assistants (PDAs) and clever telephones allows a brand new form of complex functions. long ago years, the focus of analysis in cellular companies has geared toward the every time, anyplace precept (ubiquitous computing). even if, there's extra to it than that.

The expanding call for for dispensed challenge fixing resulted in the advance of multi-agent platforms. The latter are shaped from a set of self reliant software program entities whose collective abilities could be utilized in complicated and real-time domain names. the objective of such structures is to illustrate how goal-directed, powerful and optimum habit can come up from interactions among person independent clever software program brokers. those software program entities show features like autonomy, responsiveness, pro-activeness and social skill. Their performance and effectiveness has confirmed to be hugely depending on the layout and improvement of the appliance area or context.

Context is the set of compatible environmental states and settings referring to a consumer, that is appropriate for a situation-sensitive program within the strategy of adapting the companies and knowledge provided to the person. Agent know-how seems the ideal know-how to provide the opportunity of exploring the dynamic context of the consumer with a view to offer value-added prone or to execute extra and complicated initiatives. during this recognize, agent-based ubiquitous computing can make the most of marrying the agent-based expertise with the broad use of dispensed performance, to be deployed for light-weight units. It additionally permits the combo of ubiquity and intelligence in numerous program components and permits to procedure a number of learn themes in desktop technological know-how, man made intelligence and engineering from a brand new perspective.

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Acceptance and success of such a system, and its utility in real-world applications, depends upon the robot’s capacity to maintain relationships based upon believability, credibility and trust. In addition to improving their effectiveness in working with humans, robots can also harness social interaction for learning practical skills, for example, through imitation [Billard and Dautenhahn (1999)]. While all these applicative scenarios suggest different degrees of autonomy and intelligence (skills like mobility, grasping, vacuuming and object recognition), they also open up the common question of what specific capabilities are necessary for a robot to socially interact with humans and what the general issues imposed by such a new social context are.

G. wireless sensor networks including cameras and localisation sensors deployed in the environment where human-agent interaction takes place. The source of most of the difficulties in engineering agent systems present in the ubiquitous environment, compared, for example, to purely real or purely virtual scenarios, can be explained in terms of agent embodiment, intended as the structural coupling between the agent and its environment (see [Ziemke (2003)]). If we want to embody an agent in such an environment, its virtual and its real sub-space need to be structurally coupled.

The avatar character will then carry out this highlevel request by using the specific capabilities of the virtual character. As a result, the snowman character will greet the user by turning its whole body toward the user and by waving its hat - an animation built into the character’s VRML model. In contrast, H-Anim characters will be able to more naturally gaze at the user and wave their hands. In both cases, facing the user is possible because the animation activities know the position and the orientation of the user in relation to the robot-centric frame of reference.

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Agent-based ubiquitous computing by Eleni Mangina, Javier Carbo, Jose Manuel Molina

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