By Sean Martin
Ката́ры (от француского катарос что значит чистый) — название, данное теологами Римской-католической церкви христианскому религиозному движению, распространённому в XI-XIV веках в ряде стран и областей Западной Европы.
Catharism was once the main profitable heresy of the center Ages.
This fantastically illustrated quantity through the best writer at the topic unveils the mysteries surrounding the Cathars, their hyperlinks with the Knights Templar, the Troubadors, and the hunt for the Holy Grail.
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Ката́ры (от француского катарос что значит чистый) — название, данное теологами Римской-католической церкви христианскому религиозному движению, распространённому в XI-XIV веках в ряде стран и областей Западной Европы. Catharism used to be the main profitable heresy of the center a long time. This superbly illustrated quantity by way of the top writer at the topic unveils the mysteries surrounding the Cathars, their hyperlinks with the Knights Templar, the Troubadors, and the hunt for the Holy Grail.
Extra resources for The Cathars
The • 36 • H E R E S Y A N D O RT H O D OX Y Bogomil take on the Cruciﬁxion was Docetic. The Bogomil church was divided into two main classes, the Perfect and the Believers, similar to the Manichaean Elect and Listeners, although the Bogomils apparently did have a Listener class as well, who were below the Believers. According to the monk Euthymius of Constantinople, who was writing in about 1050, the Bogomil Listener became a Believer by way of a baptism that included placing the gospel on the initiate’s head, while the actual baptism itself was done not by water, but by the laying-on of hands.
46 As a Perfect, they would now be expected to keep their vows for the rest of their lives. This was known euphemistically as ‘making a bad end’. They were expected to pray ﬁfteen times a day, and to fast on Mondays,Wednesdays and Fridays. Prayers were to be said on horseback, when crossing rivers and when entering the homes of Believers. When out travelling, if the Perfect – who usually travelled in pairs – came across goods belonging to someone, they were only to return them if they were sure the goods could be reunited with their rightful owner.
In linking the Cathars with the apostolic era, Eckbert is inadvertently supporting the Cathars’ own claims that they were descended from the time of the apostles. And Cathars, it must be remembered, were legislated against at the Council of Nicea. So were the Cathars of the fourth century the same as the Cathars of the twelfth? ’42 • 51 • T H E C AT H A R S The Living Icons The Cathars, or Good Christians as they called themselves, would certainly have been horriﬁed to learn that they were being referred to in derogatory terms that suggested they were participants in ﬁctitious satanic ceremonies that were the product of rumour and the overactive imaginations of Catholic critics.
The Cathars by Sean Martin